As the dust settles on the Pakistan General Elections 2024, the political landscape is marked by intrigue and negotiation as two major parties, the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) and the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), engage in ‘hectic efforts’ to form a coalition government. With neither party securing a clear majority in the National Assembly, the prospect of a coalition government has emerged as a viable path forward, requiring strategic maneuvering and delicate negotiations.

The PPP and the PML-N, both seasoned political entities with deep roots in Pakistani politics, find themselves in a position of strength following the election results. While neither party emerged as the outright winner, their combined strength holds the key to forming a stable government. As such, both parties have intensified their efforts to garner support from smaller parties and independent candidates in order to secure a parliamentary majority.

Strategies for the success

The strategies employed by the PPP and the PML-N in their quest to form a coalition government are multifaceted and nuanced, reflecting the complex dynamics of Pakistani politics. At the heart of their strategies lie the principles of negotiation, compromise, and coalition-building, as they seek to strike alliances with like-minded parties and independent lawmakers.

For the PPP, led by Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, the focus lies on expanding its coalition base beyond its traditional strongholds. With a commitment to progressive politics and social justice, the PPP aims to attract smaller parties and independent candidates by offering concessions and promises of inclusive governance. Additionally, leveraging its historical legacy and grassroots support, the PPP seeks to position itself as a unifying force capable of steering the country towards stability and prosperity.

On the other hand, the PML-N, under the leadership of Shehbaz Sharif, is pursuing a strategy centered around pragmatism and outreach. With a strong presence in Punjab, the PML-N aims to consolidate its support base while reaching out to potential coalition partners in other provinces. Emphasizing its track record of economic development and governance, the PML-N presents itself as a reliable partner capable of delivering tangible results for the people of Pakistan. Moreover, by capitalizing on its alliance-building skills and political acumen, the PML-N seeks to outmaneuver its rivals and emerge as the dominant force in any coalition arrangement.

Amidst these negotiations and backchannel discussions, the role of smaller parties and independent lawmakers has assumed significance. With a fragmented political landscape, the support of these stakeholders could prove decisive in determining the composition and stability of the future government. As such, both the PPP and the PML-N are leaving no stone unturned in their efforts to secure the allegiance of these key players, offering ministerial positions, policy concessions, and other incentives to sway their support.


The outcome of these ‘hectic efforts‘ to form a coalition government will have far-reaching implications for Pakistan’s political landscape and its future trajectory. The ability of the PPP and the PML-N to overcome their differences and forge a cohesive alliance will be critical in addressing the myriad challenges facing the country, including economic revitalization, security concerns, and social welfare.


The Pakistan General Elections 2024 have set the stage for a new chapter in the country’s political history, characterized by coalition politics and negotiation. As the PPP and the PML-N navigate the complexities of coalition-building, their strategies and actions will shape the course of Pakistani politics in the years to come. As the nation awaits the outcome of these ‘hectic efforts,’ the need for inclusive governance, consensus-building, and a commitment to democratic principles has never been more pronounced.

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